Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases: Common STD Found In Women

Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases or more commonly known as the PIDs are one of the most common STDs that affect women. It is less reported and more prevalent in the conservative societies where the women are subdued.  It is essentially the infection of women’s reproductive organs which comprises of the ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix and surrounding structures. The infection in a particular pat of the female reproductive organ is known by a specific name such as Cervicitis (affects the cervix), Salpingitis (affects the fallopian tubes), Endometritis (affects the tissues lining the uterus) and Peritonitis (affects the peritoneum) respectively. These are altogether termed as the PIDs.

Causes
The main cause of the disease is the bacterial infection. Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria Gonorrhoea are the pathogenic bacteria that cause the above said disease. However these are communicable disease and spreads through sexual contact which makes it even more serious.

Conditions
Although it is not an age specific disease and can afflict women of any age, however the sexually active females younger than 25 years of age are higher risks. The reason is that the cervix in this age group of female is not fully matured which increases their risks of contracting it more easily as a STD. The women who douche are also potentially at a higher risk compared to those who do not. Those who already have had an episode of STD again are at a higher risk of contracting is the again. It affects millions of women worldwide.

Pelvic inflammatory disease symptoms

Pelvic inflammatory disease symptoms
Of the two bacterial infections which cause PIDs, the symptoms of the PIDs caused by the Chlamydia infections are quite vague and often go unnoticed. However the most common symptoms noted in the patients afflicted with the disease are abdominal pain, especially in the lower part of the abdomen, tenderness in the abdomen, back pain, abnormal bleeding of the uterine, unusual or heavy vaginal discharge which might have a foul odour, burning sensation while urinating and pain during an intercourse.

Effects of the disease
The infection can often lead to the permanent damage to the female reproductive system. The infected tissues are also known as the scar tissues. Scarring in the pelvic region of the female anatomy might cause chronic pelvic pain. They also prevent the normal movement of the eggs through the fallopian tube by constricting them. In such a case further complications might arise and the afflicted women may become infertile. In the extreme cases these unfertilised egg start decomposing and become poisonous leading to even deaths.

Treatments
Although this a common STD, a stitch on time saves nine. So it is needless to say that this disease if treated immediately while it is still in the early stages can be cured to quite an extent. The most common form of treatment is the administration of the antibiotics. Depending upon the extent of infection they are prescribed by the health practitioner. However the damage that has already been done to the pelvic cannot be reversed. Thus, it is always well said that “Prevention is better than cure”.

Pearly penile papules causes, treatment and images

Pearly penile papules
What are they?

You might be having thousand questions right now in your mind. What is that bump? Is it any disease? Is it cancer? Well, relax guys, take some fresh air. I know it is damn unnerving to find small bumps on penis, but there is simple explanation to that. Although you should have get it checked beforehand from your doctor, it is more likely that it is pearly penile papules which scientifically known as hirsuties papillaris genitalis. Although its name is as scary as its sight, you need not worry much about it as once you have figured that those small bumps are you will automatically find ways to deal with it. You can find almost thousands of pearly penile papules pictures online which can help you with detection.

Although they tend to look scary, they are completely harmless and thus one can even live without getting them removed ever; but if you feel awkward about it, you can remove it through one or another way which we have discussed later.


Causes:

These bumps are not uncommon among man especially within the age range of 20 to 30. People mistake these bumps with sexually transmitted diseases but they are not STDs. The reason why these bumps appear is not exactly known yet, but dermatologist say that this might be due to sebaceous cyst or clogged gland.


Myths:

Pearly penile papules are often mistaken for genital warts which is totally false. Another misconception that is found and has mostly harmful effects is that pearly penile papules can be cured totally with home remedies. There is truth in it but only to some extent, home remedies can soften the bumps but cannot entirely cure it. You will have to take help of dermatologist for totally curing it. Again popping theses bumps won’t work and might even aggravate infection further. So stay away from such misconceptions.


Conditions and symptoms:

Pearly penile papules are nothing but small bumps found on the edge of penis head. These tiny bumps are usually flesh colored and rose a little higher than normal skin with a dome shape. They are observed to be formed in organized rows but they have no harmful effects otherwise.


Pearly penile papules removal

Though they pose no harm to health, many people try to seek pearly penile papules removal as they feel conscious about it. If you want to remove them or reduce them, it can be done using carbon dioxide laser ablation.

The procedure is quite simple as doctor will remove those bumps using Co2 laser after numbing the area surrounding it. You will get the itching sensation for a couple of weeks, but you will be back to normal after that. This surgery is the safest and probably the most effective one.

Even though they can be removed by surgery, it may happen that during one’s lifetime, these papules appear and disappear without any medication. So if you don’t want to undergo any surgery, don’t worry you might get rid of them all by yourself too. 

How To Get Rid Of Pearly Penile Papules

Pearly penile papules
What are they?

You might be having thousand questions right now in your mind. What is that bump? Is it any disease? Is it cancer? Well, relax guys, take some fresh air. I know it is damn unnerving to find small bumps on penis, but there is simple explanation to that. Although you should have get it checked beforehand from your doctor, it is more likely that it is pearly penile papules which scientifically known as hirsuties papillaris genitalis. Although its name is as scary as its sight, you need not worry much about it as once you have figured that those small bumps are you will automatically find ways to deal with it. You can find almost thousands of pearly penile papules pictures online which can help you with detection.

Although they tend to look scary, they are completely harmless and thus one can even live without getting them removed ever; but if you feel awkward about it, you can remove it through one or another way which we have discussed later.


Causes:

These bumps are not uncommon among man especially within the age range of 20 to 30. People mistake these bumps with sexually transmitted diseases but they are not STDs. The reason why these bumps appear is not exactly known yet, but dermatologist say that this might be due to sebaceous cyst or clogged gland.


Myths:

Pearly penile papules are often mistaken for genital warts which is totally false. Another misconception that is found and has mostly harmful effects is that pearly penile papules can be cured totally with home remedies. There is truth in it but only to some extent, home remedies can soften the bumps but cannot entirely cure it. You will have to take help of dermatologist for totally curing it. Again popping theses bumps won’t work and might even aggravate infection further. So stay away from such misconceptions.


Conditions and symptoms:

Pearly penile papules are nothing but small bumps found on the edge of penis head. These tiny bumps are usually flesh colored and rose a little higher than normal skin with a dome shape. They are observed to be formed in organized rows but they have no harmful effects otherwise.


Pearly penile papules removal

Though they pose no harm to health, many people try to seek pearly penile papules removal as they feel conscious about it. If you want to remove them or reduce them, it can be done using carbon dioxide laser ablation.

The procedure is quite simple as doctor will remove those bumps using Co2 laser after numbing the area surrounding it. You will get the itching sensation for a couple of weeks, but you will be back to normal after that. This surgery is the safest and probably the most effective one.

Even though they can be removed by surgery, it may happen that during one’s lifetime, these papules appear and disappear without any medication. So if you don’t want to undergo any surgery, don’t worry you might get rid of them all by yourself too. 

Fordyce Spots on Lips



What are they?

Sometimes on see tiny white bumps on and around the lips, those bumps are called as Fordyce Spots. They are painless and non-infectious and are more of a cosmetic concern than a clinical disease. Fordyce granules can be treated as same disease as Fordyce spot, the only difference is former occurs inside the mouth while latter outside. Such spots and granules appear due to what is known as ectopic sebaceous glands present within the mouth and on the lips.They do not pose harm and are a normal occurrence in about 80% of adults and the granules inside the mouth do not need to be treated.

As Fordyce granules and Fordyce spots on lips are usually painless, if you do experience pain or swelling, it is better to consult a doctor or visit a dentist just to make sure that it is not some other serious dermatological condition or oral disease.

Causes:
The spots on the lips which are 1-3 mm in diameter are white or yellow in color and are also known as sebaceous prominence because they are caused by oil-producing glands. These glands are not linked with hair follicles and the lesions have no symptoms except that they make individuals feel unattractive. However if they are treated inimproper ways they can itch and swell. So it’s not a good idea to try exotic treatments. They usually appear in late age and are best if left alone.

Condition:
Unlike pimples which are caused by bacteria that are trapped by sebum or oil, Fordyce spots, not being associated with hair follicles are simply raised bumpy blemishes which are painless, without any pus and harmless. In simple words, they cannot spread to cause an infection.

Fordyce Spots on Lips


Symptoms:
Men and women who seek treatment are simply suffering from the anxiety of self-consciousness because of the yellow or swelled look of the spots. Most physicians do not prescribe any treatment to remove them, however in a few cases laser surgery has been done successfully to some extent, which yields scarring. 
The condition is also called Fordyce’s Disease which is named after the American Dermatologist John Addison Fordyce. The medical term forits appearance is known as ‘idiopathic’ because of its ambiguous and obscure cause. Its diagnosis is done by a visual examination. There is some speculation that genetic factors may be involved but there has not been conclusive evidence to support this.

Treatment:
Treatment if sought, takes the form of tretinoin creams along with alpha hydroxides. However the wait and watch approach is sometimes the best way to treat this asymptomatic condition. It is also advisable to maintain personal hygiene and consume a well-balanced diet including the vitamins A, C, D, B and K, along with plenty of green-vegetables rich in micronutrients. 

Coping with Fordyce’s spots on lips:
Ultimately there are some ways of coping with this condition. First one should keep an upbeat attitude about the Fordyce granules or spots. Obsession with the spots will lead to unnecessary depression and anxiety. It’s a good idea to talk with others about this condition so that one can gain mental support and otherwise regarding treatment etc. another way to cope with it is by reading everything about the disease. Armed with knowledge one can seek proper advice from the right sources.

Fordyce Spots



fordyce spotsFordyce spots are granules on the skin which is relatively common among men than in women. It has been named after dermatologist John Fordyce. These spots are a natural occurrence on the skin and are sometimes mistaken for sexually transmitted diseases like genital warts etc. It is rather a benign dermatological condition which is not harmful. Despite not being harmful, these spots leave people feeling embarrassed and worried. Fordyce spots are also known as sebaceous prominence because they occur as a result of the sebaceous glands found on the penile shaft. These glands produce a substance called sebum which is responsible for keeping the skin of the penis moisturized and healthy. 



Causes

    sebaceous prominence
  1. The sebum produced by the sebaceous glands passes thought the hair follicles. When the sebum is produced more than usual or the gland does not happen to have a hair follicle for releasing the sebum, it results in the accumulation of the sebum, thereby, small white spots.
  2. Sometimes pimples are seen growing on sebaceous glands with a blocked opening and this also results in the lack of an essential route to escape.
Conditions
These are painless, pale and small spots or rather bumps, which are 1 or 3 mm in diameter. Fordyce spots are sometimes confused with pearly penile papules, genital warts or Angiokeratoma of the scrotum. 

  1. Pearly penile papules are small bumps that show in the most regular place for Fordyce spots, i.e. the genital area. They look whiter in appearance and are simply skin outgrowths.
  2. Fordyce spots are also mistaken for genital warts which are actually a kind of sexually transmitted disease. Unlike Fordyce spots, genital warts are very contagious.
  3. Angiokeratoma of the scrotum are just as benign as like Fordyce spots and are the results of lesions on the outer layer of the skin. These appear in others areas of the body as well.
fordyce spots sebaceous prominence
Symptoms
Common in men, Fordyce spots develop during puberty and sometimes persist with throughout life. They are neither contagious not dangerous and harmful. They are painless and simple penis pimples. They tend to appear when the body becomes sexually active and might last throughout one’s life.

Treatment
  1. The Tretinoin gel or cream is very popularly used for Fordyce spots treatment. It has been reported that the prominence of the spots reduce after using this gel. Experts believe that it can be more effective if it is combined with an alpha hydroxyl acid agent.
  2. Another treatment involves the Trichloroacetic Acid chemical peel.  This product helps in peeling off the skin on the spots. This in turn brings about a significant improvement in the look of the spot.
  3. The doctor can also suggest the patient a cryosurgery. It uses cold temperatures to destroy the small bumps. But there is a possibility that this can damage the nerve and tissue of the area adjacent to the spots.
  4. There are some home remedies too. Garlic in the diet can bring about a change in the spots.